Joseph Pugliese, Las Vegas.
National Institute on Drug Abuse: “Substance Use in Drug Facts in Older Adults.”
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine: “Disparities by sex, race, and ethnicity in opioid overdose death rates among adults 55 and older, 1999 to 2019,” “Older adult mortality rates from opioids are on the rise.”
Gary Kennedy, MD, professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York.
Lewis Allison Lin, MD, assistant professor, division of psychiatry, University of Michigan Addiction Center.
National Drug Abuse Data Institute: “Benzodiazepines and Opioids.”
Susan W. Lyman, MD, director of the Geriatric Psychiatric Hospital Program, Johns Hopkins, Baltimore.
McMaster University: “Problematic opioid use among the elderly: epidemiology, adverse outcomes, and treatment considerations.”
Mint: “Understanding Motivational Interviewing.”