Zachary Schwartz, MD, medical director, Post-COVID-19 Recovery Clinic at Vancouver General Hospital.
Rainu Kaushal, MD, associate senior dean for clinical research, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York City; Co-led the National Institutes of Health’s COVID-19 Recovery Initiative long-term study in adults and children.
Alexander Charney, MD, PhD, principal principal investigator, Adult RECOVER Group, Mount Sinai, NYC; Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Genetics, Genomics, Neuroscience, and Neurosurgery, Icahn-Mount Sinai.
Katie Bach is a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution.
David Cutler, Ph.D., Professor of Economics, Harvard University.
CDC: “COVID LONG, FAMILY PULSE SURVEY.”
US Census Bureau: “The adult population of the United States grew faster than the total population of the country from 2010 to 2020.”
US Government Accountability Office: Spotlight on Science and Technology: Long COVID
Journal of the American Medical Association: “Prevalence and Association of Long-Symptomatic COVID among US Adults,” “Association of BNT162b2 Vaccination and Long-Term COVID-19 Post-Infection Not Requiring Hospitalization in Health Care Workers.”
scalpel: “Persistence of physical symptoms after COVID-19 in the Netherlands: an observational cohort study.”
Health Canada: “Frequency and impact of long-term symptoms after COVID-19 in Canadian adults.”
UK Office for National Statistics: “Prevalence of persistent symptoms after infection with coronavirus (COVID-19) in the UK: 3 November 2022.”
WHO: “At least 17 million people in the WHO European Region experienced prolonged COVID-19 in the first two years of the pandemic; millions may have to live with it for years to come.”
Watchman: “The data is clear: the Covid virus has long been destroying people’s lives and livelihoods,” “Prolonged Symptomatic Course of COVID-19 Virus After COVID-19 Vaccination: A Community-Based Cohort Study.”
nature: “Outcomes between confirmed cases and a matched comparison group in the Long-COVID Study in Scotland” (updated with correction).