Schizophrenia is a serious mental health condition that causes people who suffer from it to interpret reality strangely. Its symptoms may include hallucinations, delusions, and severely irrational thinking and behavior, making daily activities and impotence difficult.
Schizophrenia is a chronic condition that requires long-term mental health treatment. There are 5 types of schizophrenia which are:
- lumbar schizophrenia,
- disorganized schizophrenia,
- Residual schizophrenia, and
- Undifferentiated schizophrenia.
The above are 5 types of schizophrenia.
Currently, specialists know that people with schizophrenia frequently experience overlapping symptoms throughout their lives and that these subtypes are not always helpful.
The updated “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition” provided revisions to the diagnostic criteria for several disorders, including schizophrenia. The diagnosis may have been made based on only one symptom in the past. Now, at least two signs must be present in a person.
The DSM-5 states that the following are necessary for a diagnosis of schizophrenia:
- Two or more of the five core symptoms. Symptoms listed include hallucinations, unpleasant symptoms, incoherent speech, strange movements, and delusions.
- Duration of symptoms and consequences. Initial symptoms should last for at least a month. The symptoms of the condition must also have persisted for at least six months, whether or not the effects of the condition have been so.
- Functional or social impairment. This means that the condition interferes with your ability to function at work or in social situations (friendly, romantic, professional, or otherwise).
types of schizophrenia
Although schizophrenia subtypes are no longer officially recognized, they are still useful as diagnostic identifiers for clinicians to describe patients’ different experiences related to schizophrenia and to help develop treatment strategies. Below is a description of the five traditional subtypes of schizophrenia.
1. Paranoid schizophrenia
Paranoid schizophrenia was the most prevalent form of schizophrenia diagnosed prior to 2013. This representation of schizophrenia appears frequently in the media and on screen. Signs of paranoid schizophrenia include:
- frequent auditory and visual hallucinations,
- premonition of one or more delusions,
- Difficulty concentrating
- Severe behavioral impairment.
2. Schizophrenia Catatonia
Lumbar schizophrenia is one of the rarest forms of the disease and is not often diagnosed. Some specialists argue that catatonia should remain an important and separate determinant when discussing schizophrenia because it can occur in a wide range of psychiatric illnesses and general medical conditions.
People with catatonia schizophrenia:
- may not respond to stimuli,
- They often occupy strange positions in the body,
- moving strangely and
- Extreme stiffness of the extremities appears.
3. Confused schizophrenia
Unregulated schizophrenia is also referred to as hepatic schizophrenia. Delusions and hallucinations are symptoms characterized by deviant behavior and incoherent speech. Other symptoms include:
- inappropriate emotional and facial reactions,
- disorganized thinking, and
- Difficulty performing daily tasks.
Most individuals with schizophrenia have the majority of these symptoms.
4. Residual schizophrenia
Residual schizophrenia can be a little confusing. The diagnosis was made when a person previously diagnosed with schizophrenia still had symptoms such as flat affect, psychomotor difficulties, and slurred speech, but no longer displayed prominent symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations.
Experts now recognize that many people with schizophrenia go through stages in which the frequency and severity of their symptoms increases and decreases. These chronic symptoms are typical in many situations.
5. Undifferentiated schizophrenia
People whose symptoms fell under more than one subtype of schizophrenia were diagnosed with undifferentiated schizophrenia. For example, undifferentiated schizophrenia may have been identified in a patient with cognitive impairments, rigid behavior, delusions, and hallucinations.
Although there are different lived experiences of schizophrenia, each subject to different changes in severity and symptoms over time, these experiences all fall within a spectrum and must be addressed. It is essential for mental health professionals and people with schizophrenia to understand and treat the disease as a whole while continuing to tailor individualized treatment to each patient’s unique set of symptoms.
Now that you know about the types of schizophrenia, learn more about the difference between schizoaffective disorder and schizophrenia to learn more, click here.
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