Depersonalization-derealization disorder (DPDR) is a type of dissociative disorder. Dissociative disorders are disorders in which individuals have problems with memory, behaviour, emotions, and their sense of self. Symptoms of dissociative disorders can harm every aspect of a person’s mental functioning.
Depersonalization and derealization are two different categories of clubbing symptoms due to their similarities. Let’s discuss symptoms, causes, and potential treatments for depersonalization and derealization disorder.
Symptoms of depersonalization and derealization disorder:
Depersonalization-derealization disorder includes the following symptoms:
- Depersonalization: People with these symptoms feel detached from their surroundings and themselves. They always feel as if they are watching themselves outside their body and watching the events happening around them as a spectator.
- detachment from reality: People who show symptoms of derealization have unrealistic experiences. They began to believe that the events happening around them were not real.
- Visual symptoms: Many people with DPDR have reported visual symptoms such as tunnel vision, blurred or distorted vision, and a change in the size and distance of objects.
- A distorted perception of time: People also report feeling as if time is passing by too quickly, there are gaps in their mental schedule, and they are jumping from moment to moment.
Symptoms of the disorder can appear as early as the childhood years. according to American Psychiatric Association (APA), The average age of people with depersonalization and derealization disorder is 16. Less than 20% of people with this disorder develop their first symptoms after the age of 20.
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The exact causes of depersonalization and derealization disorder are unknown. However, many risk factors are associated with mental illness. These include:
- Having mental health conditions, including anxiety and depression,
- severe psychological pressure,
- sudden death of a loved one,
- emotional and physical abuse,
- drug abuse, etc.
treatment or treatment:
According to science, it is possible to fully recover from derealization and depersonalization disorder. Some individuals can recover on their own, while others can benefit from various treatment options. Some of them are mentioned below.
There are no specific medications to treat depersonalization and derealization disorder. However, your health care provider may prescribe medications to help with symptoms related to other conditions such as anxiety, depression, or panic attacks. Anti-anxiety medications and antidepressants are generally prescribed to patients with DPDR.
Disclaimer: The above medications should only be used after proper diagnosis and discussion with specialists. Unregulated use can be life threatening.
Psychotherapy is one of the most common treatment options for derealization and depersonalization disorder. These psychotherapy sessions ultimately focus on eliminating the stressors that caused the condition in the first place.
Psychological treatment for derealization and depersonalization disorders may include:
- cognitive behavioral therapy,
- psychodynamic therapy,
- Behavioral therapy,
- Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing, and
Derealization and depersonalization disorder can leave you feeling disconnected from yourself and your surroundings. The exact cause is unknown, but trauma, stress, sleep disturbance and substance abuse are critical factors in the emergence of DPDR.
It is essential to spread awareness about lesser known mental disorders such as DPDR to educate and inform people about it. This can allow them to gauge the situation correctly and find appropriate help. On this note, to learn more about other unusual mental disorders, click over here.
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